When the nerve of your tooth becomes infected, a successful root canal treatment lets you keep the tooth, rather than having to pull it out. Keeping your tooth helps to prevent bone loss, as well as your other teeth from drifting out of line, causing jaw problems. Saving a natural tooth avoids having to replace it with an artificial tooth.
What is root canal treatment? Root canal treatment, also known as root canal therapy or endodontic treatment, is the process of removing infected, injured or dead pulp from your tooth. The space inside the hard layer of each tooth is called the root canal system. When bacteria (germs) enter your tooth through deep cavities or cracks, you tooth can become abscessed. An abscessed tooth is a tooth with an infection in the pulp. If pulp becomes infected, it needs to be removed. An abscessed tooth may cause pain, swelling and/or headache, or it may be completely asymptomatic. If left untreated, an abscessed tooth can cause serious health problems.